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Suicide and Attempted Suicide in Poland before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic between 2019 and 2021


[ 1 ] Wydział Humanistyczny, Akademia im. Jakuba z Paradyża | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[6.8] Sociology

Year of publication


Published in

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Journal year: 2022 | Journal number: 15

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • suicide; COVID-19

EN he COVID-19 pandemic is related to changes in rates of suicide and suicide attempts in many countries, and some differences have been observed regarding the prevalence of suicidal behaviours in different age and gender groups. The aim of this study is to analyse the number of suicides and suicide attempts per 100,000 people between 2019 and 2021 in Poland. Using police and government data on suicide and suicide attempts in Poland, three age categories were investigated: 13–24 years old, 25–65 years old, and above 65 years old, and the analysis encompassed the whole population and the populations of men and women separately. Study results indicated an increase in suicide attempts in the two younger age categories (aged 7–24 years and 25–65 years) between 2021 and 2019–2020. There was an increase in suicide among women in all age categories during the study period, whilst no increase was observed in suicide in men in any age group. The differences in the prevalence of suicide and attempted suicide in Poland during the COVID-19 pandemic in different age and gender groups indicate the need for tailored suicide prevention activities

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

8968(1) - 8968(11)




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

07.2022 (Date presumed)

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal