Depending on the amount of data to process, file generation may take longer.

If it takes too long to generate, you can limit the data by, for example, reducing the range of years.


Download BibTeX


Application of RSM Method for Optimization of Geraniol Transformation Process in the Presence of Garnet


[ 1 ] Wydział Techniczny, Akademia im. Jakuba z Paradyża | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.6] Chemical engineering
[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: 24 | Journal number: 3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • garnet; RSM; geraniol; selectivity; neral; citronellol

EN This paper presents the results of tests obtained for the transformation of geraniol in the presence of garnet as a catalyst by the response surface method (RSM). The method analyzed the influence of the following parameters: a temperature of 50–150 °C, a catalyst concentration (garnet) of 1.0–10.0 wt% and a reaction time of 0.25–24 h. Response functions included the conversion of geraniol (GA), selectivity for conversion to neral (NE) and selectivity for conversion to citronellol (CL). In addition, the influence of all control parameters on each of the response parameters is presented in the form of second-order polynomials. The optimal parameters of the geraniol transformation process were a temperature of 55 °C, a catalyst concentration of 5 wt% and a reaction time of 2 h, for which high values of the GA conversion function and the selectivity of conversion to NE and CL were obtained. For the GA conversion, the optimum was obtained at 94 mol% at 60 °C, a catalyst concentration of 5.0 wt% and a reaction time of 2 h. For NE selectivity, the optimum value was reached at 49 mol% at 60 °C, a catalyst concentration equal to 2.5 (5.0) wt% mole and a reaction time of almost 2 h. For CL selectivity, the optimum value of 49 mol% was obtained for control factors: a temperature equal to 20 °C, a catalyst concentration equal to 5.0 wt% and a response time equal to 2 h. The optimal set of control factors for all power factors is characterized by a temperature of 55 °C, a catalyst concentration of 5 wt% and a reaction time of 2 h.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

2689(1) - 2689(15)



License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal